Low blood pressure combined with high intraocular pressure (IOP) may be a risk factor for glaucoma and optic nerve damage. However, not all individuals with elevated IOP will develop glaucoma.
In this post, your local eye care doctors from Vision Care Plus discuss the link between blood pressure and glaucoma.
Risk Factors for Glaucoma
Family history, age and ethnicity are the traditional risk factors for glaucoma. Higher IOP is also linked to the condition.
You can’t develop glaucoma just from having increased IOP, however. In fact, around 40% of those who have glaucoma have normal eye pressure.
There is evidence that suggests ocular perfusion pressure is a significant risk factor for glaucoma. This refers to the relationship between eye pressure and blood pressure.
Low blood pressure with an increased IOP can halt blood from reaching the eye, depriving it of oxygen and nutrients and allowing toxins to build up.
The human body naturally adapts to changes like blood pressure or body position to maintain good circulation in the major organs like the brain and the eyes. Every person has a varied level of tolerance for irregular blood or eye pressure. This is why an eye health exam is important. Many eye diseases, including glaucoma, are asymptomatic in the early stages, making them impossible to detect without an eye exam until they are at an advanced stage and thus harder to treat.
Increasing blood pressure and lowering eye pressure may help improve ocular perfusion. According to research, reducing eye pressure can aid in the treatment of glaucoma, but there’s no evidence supporting elevated blood pressure for glaucoma patients. High blood pressure can have negative effects on the body.
Regularly monitor your blood pressure and ocular perfusion pressure. Consult your eye doctor if your ocular perfusion pressure drops low. Early detection of glaucoma can help prevent further vision loss. For comprehensive eye exams and prescription eyeglasses, visit Vision Care Plus. Call us at (844) 201-5900 or fill out our online form. We serve clients in Drayton Valley, Wetaskiwin and Beaumont, AB.