Eye exams become more important as you enter your 40s, especially if you rely on contact lenses or eyeglasses to get around. Vision Care Plus shares an overview of the things you should expect in eye exams as you age.
Why Should You Get Regular Eye Exams?
Certain eye conditions don’t manifest symptoms until the patients reach their later years. Even if you haven’t had vision problems in the past, make it a point to visit your local eye care professional for a complete eye exam. If your family has a history of diabetes, hypertension or eye conditions like glaucoma and macular degeneration, then all the more reason you should see your eye doctor.
What Happens During Eye Exams?
Eye doctors vary with their routines, but the tests are essentially the same. A typical eye exam begins with a review and interview regarding your personal and family medical history. You will be asked about your contact lenses or eyeglasses if you’re wearing them. The eye doctor will then conduct a series of tests on the following:
Vision Problems — You will be checked for symptoms of myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia. These are the same tests optometrists use when you’re fitting new eyeglasses or contacts.
Eye Muscle Coordination — The doctor will ask you to follow a light using your eyes.
Peripheral Vision — The doctor places an object at the edge of your field of vision and ask you if you see it.
Pupil Dilation — The doctor will shine a light into your eye to test for pupil reaction.
Color Test — This is used to determine if the patient has color blindness. You will be shown a series of illustrations made of colored dots. You will then be asked if you can identify the figures.
Eyelids — Your eyelids will be checked for inflammation and other problems.
Retina and Optic Nerve — The doctor will place a few drops of ophthalmic atropine on the eyes and dim the lights. This lets the pupils dilate, which lets the doctor see into the back of the eye using an ophthalmoscope. This lets the doctor check for signs of glaucoma or macular degeneration.
Fluid Pressure — The doctor will measure the fluid pressure inside the eyes using a tonometer. High pressure is an early sign of glaucoma.
What Happens After?
The doctor will assess the condition of your eyes and may either recommend another visit or a treatment plan if signs of vision problems are found. You will also be advised on your eye care routine between visits, as well as new prescriptions for contact lenses or eyeglasses, if needed.
To learn more about eye tests, call Vision Care Plus today at (844) 201-5900. You can also fill out our contact form to schedule an appointment with one of our eye doctors. We serve Camrose and Leduc, Alberta.